Major League Soccer reduced its work force by about 20 percent on Thursday through a combination of layoffs and the elimination of open positions, yet another sign of the punishing financial effect the coronavirus pandemic is having on professional sports.
Most of the league’s employees, besides those in entry-level jobs, had their salaries reduced in April. Those reductions will continue for the roughly 270 that remain, according to a league employee who spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to share sensitive internal information. Most departments were affected, and the layoffs included a number of high-ranking executives, according to the employee.
Some individual M.L.S. teams already have instituted pay cuts, furloughs and layoffs of their own.
M.L.S., like all sports leagues, has been hit hard by the coronavirus. Its regular season had just begun in March, with only two weeks of games completed, when the season was postponed. M.L.S. eventually completed a monthlong tournament in Orlando over the summer, and then completed an abbreviated three-month regular season in certain home markets. But the combined effects of canceled games, empty stadiums and significant costs for the testing that allowed it to return to the field have continued to mount.
While some teams were allowed to have a reduced number of fans where local health rules allowed it, many were not, and total attendance figures paled compared to recent years. On a conference call with reporters in June, M.L.S. Commissioner Don Garber predicted the league could lose $1 billion in revenue because of the coronavirus.
League employees were informed of the job reductions in a staff meeting on Thursday, one day before the league opens its playoffs.
Despite rapid growth under Garber, M.L.S. still relies much more heavily on game-day revenue, and particularly live attendance, than other professional leagues. M.L.S. receives about $90 million annually for its national television deal, and the league’s biggest local television agreements do not exceed single-digit millions annually.
By comparison, while the N.B.A. did not have fans in attendance while it completed the 2019-20 season, and missed its revenue projections by $1.5 billion, the league is paid $2.66 billion annually for its national television rights. Individual N.B.A. teams also have been able to soften the pandemic’s financial blow because of local television agreements worth tens or hundreds of millions annually.